Bill would study Dearfield Homestead, the largest Black American homestead in Colorado, as a first step for protection and inclusion in the National Park System
Washington, D.C. – Today U.S. Senators John Hickenlooper and Michael Bennet introduced the Dearfield Study Act, legislation that would direct the Department of the Interior to conduct a special resource study of the Dearfield Homestead in Weld County to determine its suitability as a unit of the National Park System.
“Dearfield is a testament to Black Americans who shaped Colorado’s history,” said Hickenlooper. “We must honor their legacy and educate future generations by protecting the Dearfield Homestead.”
“Black history is American history. This bill is a crucial first step in recognizing and preserving the memory of Dearfield, Colorado and Black homesteading in the American West,” said Bennet.
The Dearfield Homestead was founded in 1910 by Oliver Toussaint Jackson, who was inspired by Booker T. Washington to establish the colony with the belief that land ownership was the best path to prosperity for African Americans. At its peak, Dearfield expanded to as many as 700 residents from 35 states across 140 acres, and included multiple churches, restaurants, businesses, and a hotel. A thriving agricultural community until the widespread and devastating Dust Bowl, Dearfield fostered resilience and ownership with 47 patented land claims within a 31 square-mile area. Currently, a gas station, diner, and Jackson’s home, which was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995, remain standing.
Hickenlooper and Bennet’s bill follows the effort in the House of Representatives, where U.S. Representatives Joe Neguse, Ken Buck, and Jason Crow introduced a companion bill in January 2022.
Specifically, the Dearfield Study Act would:
- Evaluate the national significance of the site.
- Determine the suitability and feasibility of designating the site as a unit of the National Park Service.
- Consider other alternatives for preservation and protection, if applicable.
- Consult with relevant federal agencies, state/local governments, nonprofits, and private organizations.
- Identify cost estimates.
- Report to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee and the House Natural Resources Committee the results of the study and any recommendations within three years.
The bill text is available HERE.
The bill is supported by the Weld County Board of Commissioners, University of Northern Colorado, Colorado State University, The Black American Western Museum & Heritage Center, Colorado Democratic Black Caucus Members State Representative Leslie Herod and State Senator James Coleman, Dearfield Preservation Committee, Poudre Heritage Alliance, City of Greeley Government, Colorado Preservation Inc., The National Parks Conservation Association, History Colorado, The Colorado State Historical Fund, The University of Nebraska Black Homesteaders Project, The National Park Service African American Civil Right Grant Program, PDC Energy Inc., Occidental Petroleum Corporation, and The National Park Service Heritage Partnerships Program Interior Regions 6, 7, 8.
“Our national parks are sacred spaces that hold the power of interpreting, interrogating, and honoring our past and present. Preserving Dearfield for current and future generations is integral to a better understanding of the unique and relatively unknown African American experience on Colorado’s eastern plains, and this work is also a bridge that can connect us toward a fuller, more representative story of our nation. We are inspired that Senators Hickenlooper and Bennet are leading this effort in partnership with key regional stakeholders, including the Black American West Museum, University of Northern Colorado, and Weld County commissioners, and we support the National Park Service conducting a Special Resource Study to determine the feasibility of adding the site to the National Park System going forward,” said Tracy Coppola, Colorado Senior Program Manager, National Parks Conservation Association.
This effort follows the success of the bipartisan Amache National Historic Site Act, which was signed into law by President Joe Biden in March 2022. Led by Hickenlooper, Bennet, Neguse, and Buck, the Amache National Historic Site Act established Camp Amache, a former Japanese American incarceration facility outside of Granada, as part of the National Park System.